**Density **is a comparison of mass and volume. In other words, density relates two types of units, mass and volume.

For example, water has a density of 1 g/ml. This means that 1 milliliter of water has a mass of 1 gram. This is a density that you need to memorize, but, given enough information, the density of other materials can be calculated. For example, in the following problem the density of a box is asked for. Note that I am showing you how to think through such a problem.

**Problem**

The density of a box, which is 2.0 m long, 0.5 m wide, and 1.3 m high and has a mass of 300.0 kg is ? kg/m^{3}

**Facts: **

**Equations You should know:
**

d = m/v (density = mass/volume ; density equal mass divided by volume)

v = l x w x h (volume equals length times width time height)

**Information from the problem:**

v = 2.o m x 0.5 m x 1.3 m

= 1.3 m^{3 (Note: m x m x m = cubed meters)}

mass box = 300.0 kg

**Problem Map **(This is a basic plan starting with facts from the problem and ending with units that are to be in the answer.)

**START**——————————————————>** Finish**

mass and volume are given ——————————–> density = ? kg/m^{3}

Clue: If you are trying to calculate the density of something, **USE THE DENSITY EQUATION**

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d = m/v = 300.0 kg/1.3 m^{3}

^{ = 230.769 }kg/1m^{3}

Significant Figures: Your answer can only be accurate to the least number of significant figures in the problem.

2.0 = 2 sig figs

1.3 = 2 sig figs

300.0 = 4 sig figs

**Answer: 230 ****kg/m ^{3}** (two sig figs)