What is Geometry?
Geometry is the mathematical study of figures and shapes. Let’s find out the difference between figures and shapes, define angles and of course, play and learn how angles form polygons–closed, straight sided figures.
Figures vs. Shapes
A geometric figure is the entire object, while a shape is the outer form of the object.
There are two types of figures: plane figures and solid figures.
2-D, two-dimensional figures, such as the yellow paper in the diagram have length and width. Plane geometry is a study of plane figures–2-D figures.
3-D, three-dimensional figures, such as the pencil and the child’s hands in the diagram have length, width, and height. Solid geometry is a study of solid figures–3-D figures.
Where do angles fit in?
After studying the following information about angles, use the Math is Fun drawing pad
to practice drawing a five-pointed star using the dot-to-dot method. Then draw a pentagon–a closed figure with five straight sides. Add a triangle (three sided polygon) on each of the five sides–what do you think of your star design now?
|Science For Every Kid: Geometry|