Chameleon Color Changes


Chameleons Do Not Change Color to Match Their Background

The chameleon lizard as well as the plant do not represent natural organisms. But this fantasy image is a good model for camouflage.

This image depicts the myth that a chameleon changes colors to match it background. While its fun to create imaginary multicolored chameleons sitting on wild multicolored plants, alas it is all fantasy.

Terms You Will Learn



A chameleon is a type of lizard whose skin can change color. If a chameleon’s skin color is similar to the color of its environment (surroundings) it will blend in with the environment and be difficult to see. Blending in with ones environment is called camouflage.

Being camouflaged helps a chameleon to be hidden from its predators (organisms that want to kill and eat it.)

While incorrect, some people think that  chameleons have control over their skin color, and can change to any color.

Science Facts:
Chameleons do not have the ability to recognize the colors in their environment, nor can they make a decision to change their skin color.

The skin of a chameleon changes colors in response to different stimuli (Internal or external things that directly influences the activity of a living organism or one of its parts, such as a chameleon’s skin color.

Stimuli  that can result in changing a chameleon’s skin color, include fear, anger, mating, health, and external temperature and light.

The skin of chameleons can change colors, and different chameleon species are able to change to different colors which can include pink, blue, red, orange, green, black, brown, light blue, yellow, turquoise and purple. But —Each chameleon species has a specific color range of skin colors.

The content of the activities and experiments in this nature book include cells, predators, prey, body temperature, body movements , plant and flower growth and more.The activities are designed for young learners, but there is an appendix containing enriched information about each chapter.